Two Sides of the Same Coin

When Negative Means Two Things Negative Reinforcement is bad and Positive Reinforcement is good, right? Not necessarily. Sometimes scientists use words which non-scientists may find confusing. I can’t think of a better example than the whole positive/negative reinforcement/punishment quadrant that behaviorists came up with. When most people hear the word “negative” it means “bad” to them, …

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Extinction is the term for the disappearance of an association with an involuntary response or a behavior which was learned earlier. An example of extinction would be when a horse paws the ground when tied and after a few sessions of being tied with no one untying him or giving him attention, he gradually quits …

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Teaching for Long-Term Potentiation

The way we teach horses determines how well they learn. That sounds obvious, but it’s worth studying what’s known about training to improving long-term retention. One of the newest areas of study, spurred on by interest in understanding Alzheimer’s and drug addiction, is Long-Term Potentiation. In the brains of all mammals, there are three memory stages: …

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